Stan & Jean Potratz, Owners
Toward More Joy & Less Pain During Lambing
Shed lambing 200 ewes at Premier began 16 days ago.
How did it go?
Better than any prior year.
Weather for the first 7 days was unusually mild. Last 9 days was colder and often windy. On several nights it was
cold enough inside our barns to freeze a newborn's navel cord within an hour. 90% have lambed. 15 triplets, 25
singles, 140 twins. No midgets. No prolapses. 1 non-systemic abortion. No major dystocia events. No hypothermia.
No e coli. No pneumonia. 2 ewes with mastitis. 2 ewe deaths. 12 lamb deaths (out of 350 lambs) from various
Why did it go as well as it did?
- Good preparation. Excellent, proven buildings. Plenty of jugs. Good drop pens. Ewes shorn 3 weeks prior. Adequate bedding.
- Ewes (with 6 exceptions that continue to baffle us) were in good condition.
- Ewes were all born at Premier & culled by Premier. So they were adapted to our setup and our system. This
is a key to success that, in my view, too many overlook.
- Experienced "lambers". We (Jean, Carl and myself) have made enough mistakes to know what should be done and when.
So why am I far from satisfied with Premier's lambing system?
- Because I missed too much sleep. The flock is my concern on nights and weekends. I checked them every 2 -
4 hours. It was rare when it took less than an hour/check.
- Because our lambing system is an anti-social experience. (A weary, groggy shepherd with aching muscles
can be a challenge for the whole family.)
- If you add up the total hours involved lambing costs too much for lambs whose sole fate (and thus value)
is someone's dinner plate. If the lambs born had a higher-value purpose (shows, breeding stock) it would be
But raising sheep, goats or cattle should, in my mind, offer as much pleasure and as little pain as possible. We're not "there" yet.
Unlike the range operations of the West we can't spread 200 ewes over 1000 acres and let them "do their own
thing". And our expensive land necessitates a high lambing %. But we could:
- Increase our flock size to 1000 ewes or more. Doing so would support dedicated lambing buildings that
would cut the labor costs per lamb born. The sheep producers around Pipestone, MN have done just this under
the guidance of Mike Caskey.
- Breed later so that the ewes can lamb on the pasture. We've tried this several times over the years. It
was less work and less anti-social. Here were the problems:
- Fewer lambs born (due to later breeding). We had 1.4 lambs/ewe instead of 1.8.
- The newborn lambs hit the ground when the coyote dens are full of pups.
- Mismothering (lambs abandoned by their mothers or "stolen" by other ewes). Our ewes have lambed
indoors for so many years. As a result, they've adapted toward lambing close to each other and relied
upon humans to separate them post-lambing. This problem is "fixable" given a few years of culling and
But it might be wiser to start with sheep genetics predisposed to lamb outside
successfully in Midwestern conditions.
Kreg Leymaster and Mike Wallace of MARC (Clay
Center, NE) have proven that Dorper/Romanov ewes are able to lamb outside on their own and wean a
high lambing %. It requires fencing to keep the coyotes out-and self-discipline to simply leave them
alone for 3 weeks.
by Stan Potratz
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Premier's Clipper & Shear Sleeves
Order Premier's leather
clipper machine sleeve (#824608) and/or
shear machine sleeve (#824607)
in April and May for $8 ea. (reg. $9.75 ea.)
Genuine leather sleeves to care for and enclose your Premier
Protects entire machine (not just the head) when not in use. Great for those that place multiple units in a show box or tool box.
Designed for Premier units, may not work with other brands.
Phone: 800-282-6631 - Use Code: News 24
Website: - Use Code News 24IT
Enter News 24IT in the "Catalog Source Code" box on the "Checkout-Confirm & Submit" screen. NOTE: The original price will be shown on your website order. We will adjust it to the sale price when received.
Offer good through May 31, 2007.
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Getting More from Your Pasture Acres
The bioeconomy may be great for corn producers but it is putting a squeeze on sheep and goat
producers. Competition for all land has and probably will continue to escalate as corn prices hover
in the $3.50 to $4.00 range. The high corn prices will indirectly increase both hay and pasture
costs for us as producers. Everyone is looking for a cheap replacement feed to corn. Existing
pasture is the cheap feed alternative with ewe costs per day running 10 - 30% of dry lot costs on a
per day basis.
The first and most effective means of getting more from our pastures is with improved fertility.
Pasture yield can be increased by one half to one ton per acre with 50 units of nitrogen. Current
costs for nitrogen is in the mid forty cent range. If one includes spreading costs the total cost
for a single 50-unit application is approximately $25 per acre. If one grows one half ton of extra
grass, the cost is $50 per ton for the extra feed. That is cheap feed compared to corn at $125 per
ton or hay at $100 per ton. If you time the application right and get great rain distribution, you
could be getting extra grass at $25 per ton if yield is increased by a ton per acre. Fertility cost
has a great return on the cost with increased forage yield. Every day one grazes versus feeds a ewe
harvested feedstuffs, it is a savings to your operation. If you already have excess spring growth
that the ewes can not consume or you can not hay, than delaying nitrogen application to mid-June
makes more sense. If one really wants to push the forage yield than a second and possibly third
application of nitrogen should be considered. These applications should be made in mid June and
early August in the Midwest. Producers in southern states should contact their forage specialist to
seek advice on when to apply nitrogen.
Early turnout is another management blunder that reduces the overall productivity of pastures.
Bluegrass pastures should be two inches tall and actively growing before turnout. Brome grass or
orchard grass pastures should be four inches tall before turn out. No one likes buying hay in late
spring if the winter supply is fed up, but early turn out is not a good trade. The reduced yields
may require more supplementation in the summer that increases the feed costs. The old adage of pay
me now or pay me later applies here. Developing a more realistic winter feed budget and insuring one
does not run out is a step that needs to be taken for future years so early turn out is not so
tempting. Carry over hay is a good thing and all operations need to plan for 10 to 20 percent
Rotational grazing is another means of generating increased production per acre. Estimates range
from 20 to 100 percent increase in production with moderate to intensive rotational systems. Many
producers immediately respond that they can not rotationally graze. I say they choose to let their
flimsy excuses prevent them from trying. Yes some pastures are not ideal for subdividing but think
creatively. For example cross fencing creek pastures may require more time for upkeep after heavy
rains. Sheep do not like water any way so until the creek goes back down they are not going
anywhere. In many cases splitting the pasture up into 2 or 3 areas can have a dramatic impact on
yield. One does not have to put in super intensive systems with daily rotations for the concept of
rotational grazing to work. First year improvement in yield should be a 10 - 20% increase followed
by 10 - 20% increase in years two and three. This delayed yield response is from sward thickening
and increased composition of tall cool season grasses which are allowed to achieve a high percentage
of its yield potential. How many paddocks one subdivides a pasture into is really dependent on ones
time available for moving stock and tending fences. My recommendation is to start with 3 - 6
paddocks and increase at a later date if great grazing becomes a passion. ("No Stan is not paying me
to say this.")
Many producers are looking for the silver bullet forage species. The one that does not need
management, has great yields, is easy to establish, and sheep love it. Unfortunately, the silver
bullet does not exist for forage species. Secondly, until one has a better handle on fertility and
grazing management incorporating improved forage species is a waste of time and money. Incorporating
legumes via frostseeding or no till drill can greatly improve the nutritive value of forage.
Additionally, adding legumes helps reduce the summer slurp. Poorly managed pasture with weed and
thistles problems should be cleaned up prior to considering legume incorporation. Improved species
mixes I feel is the last step to improve pasture production.
Fertility and rotational grazing will both greatly increase production. Delayed spring turnout
along with minimizing overgrazing in the fall will also allow pastures to grow more grass. Grazing
management has an initial cost whereas yearly harvested feeds has a cost every year. Pasture
management is one step towards battling high feed costs that all producers can implement.
Article submitted by:
Dan Morrical, Sheep Extension Specialist
IACUC Chair Farm Coordinator
Animal Science Dept., Iowa State University
phone: 515-294-2904 | fax: 515-294-3795
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Working away from home and still wanting to practice rotational grazing requires
having the right equipment on hand. Especially if you want your underpaid spouses and
kids to move the fence for you during the day.
Any time we can split a paddock for sheep with five rolls or less we use ElectroNet.
The whole fence can be carried out to the paddock in one trip. It can be set up
quickly with out the need of any tools. The posts are built in so there is no questions
on how far apart they should be and easy for any size person to get the right tension on
Sometimes you will find that the grass is tall enough that it is hard to set the net
up and push in the posts. A simple solution to this is to drive your ATV, truck, or even
a garden tractor down the path where you want the fence to be. Then set the net upin
one of the tire tracks. Two or three Power posts
for extra support at the corners, a PowerLink to
connect to a hot wire. Test the fence with a fence tester
and make sure the voltage is above 3000 volts and turn in the sheep.
See Premier's full line of electric netting.
by Sales Consultant, Gordon Shelangoski
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After being here six years, Mark says "the best part about Premier is still the commitment to
customer satisfaction through great customer service and products." The best part about my position,
Mark says "is the owners as well as the staff make Premier a great work environment for me. We work
very hard to succeed and have a lot of fun along the way."
Mark and his wife Toni, who is Premier's receptionist, have been married for 20 years, have two
sons - Cody, 15 and Cole, 9. He owns a German Shorthair hunting dog named Buck, and he says, "I
think we have a cat." Besides all hunting, fishing and sports activities, Mark enjoys activities
with his family and especially barbecuing. He is known far and wide for his culinary skills.
His favorite statement is "motivation will almost always beat mere talent. Motivation is what
gets you started. Habit is what keeps you going." Mark is a driving force at Premier, his abilities,
energy and enthusiasm continually help move Premier forward.
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Roast Beef with Horseradish Sauce
1/2 c. heavy cream, whipped
1/3 c. steak sauce
3 tbsp. horseradish sauce
1/4 c. scallions, sliced
2 tsps. vegetable oil
2 lbs. rump roast
Preheat oven to 325 degrees.
Combine first four ingredients in a bowl and refrigerate.
Season roast with salt and pepper to taste. Heat oil in a heavy flameproof casserole
over medium high heat. Saute roast 2 - 3 minutes until brown on all sides. Transfer to
oven and roast 22 minutes per 1 lb. for medium rare meat. Cook longer if desired.
Let stand 15 minutes before cutting into thin slices and serving with horseradish sauce.
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