Responding to High-Cost Feed, Fuel and Groceries
The situation some rural US residents now face has echoes of our parents and grandparents world. That being so
each of us should look back in time for understanding and look forward to possibilities. That's a sentence with
many big words-so some specific ideas:
Begin, if you aren't already, to grow some of your own vegetables and fruit. Higher fuel costs,
migrant worker concerns and water issues have led to much higher prices in US stores for mass-produced
vegetables from the large irrigated farms of California.
So why not produce your own? Your grandparents did. So can you. A leading garden seed supplier
recently noted that $1 of garden seeds will produce $20 in fresh vegetables. (I can't verify this and
admit to his evident self-interest). You cannot get a financial return like that from stocks, bonds, or
farmland-and you don't have to pay taxes on the value produced. Modern tools make small-scale gardens
much easier than they were 40 years ago.
What if you produce more than you can use? Local farmer markets are growing in popularity. And the $
available aren't trivial. One of Premier's employees sold $250 worth of their own sweet corn in one
Yes, you will have problems (weeds, rabbits, groundhogs, deer). But education via the internet is
free. Advice, solutions, seeds and tools are only a search-engine away.
If you do it properly and involve your family it will also produce higher personal fitness and
enhanced flavor on your family's plate.
Produce your own eggs by raising chickens instead of buying them. Egg prices, in response to much
higher soybean and corn prices, have risen rapidly. Compared to egg prices in the 50's (adjusted for
inflation) they're still not expensive-but producing your own, if you have the land, can save your family
serious $$. More folks do this every year.
Are there complications? Certainly. So don't start down this road without first doing your homework.
Again the internet, via search engines and forums on pasture poultry, is the right place to start. Then
buy a book or two.
Again, it's essential to do it right. If it works, you can sell eggs to others. Where? Again, in local
Grow your own meat. This requires more land area than for a garden or chickens. It also requires the
mental strength to send animals to slaughter.
"How to" advice varies by specie and location. Consult the internet and books for details. My highest
expertise is sheep. Three "newbie" suggestions:
- Keep it as problem-free as possible. So choose breeds that will lamb in the spring on grass without assistance.
- Though not for everyone, hair sheep breeds eliminate shearing concerns.
- Grain and high-quality hay is expensive. So choose ram and ewe breeds that produce lambs that will finish on your own "free" grass within 6 months.
by Stan Potratz
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Now Live! - Premier's NEW Horse Fence Website
- Exclusively horse fences
- Enriched with diagrams, photos, "dos & don'ts"
- Simple online ordering
- Most items shipped free
You can still visit www.premier1supplies.com for all species and products.
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Save $0.50 on each Marking Crayon!
(Remember: FREE SHIPPING on qualified website orders)
Use marking crayons with Premier's Nylon Breeding Harness
Your Heart Breeding Harness. Premier's crayons are made exclusively for us and come in five colors. A
metal pin and 2 plastic pins are supplied with each crayon (shown with crayons at right).
The hot crayons are reported to hold up better than any other "hot" crayon in the high temperatures of mid-summer. Three average daily high temperature ranges: Cold (25 - 65°), Mild (65 - 85°) and Hot (85 - 100°).
This offer cannot be combined with any other claim codes or offers. However, free shipping on qualified website orders still applies.
For website orders: WNEWSC
(type code in the Promo Code Box at checkout).
For phone orders: NEWSC
(advise Premier's sales consultant at time of purchase).
Order soon! Offer expires September 15, 2008
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Are You Ready for Breeding Season?
As breeding season approaches for most flocks across the country making plans for this important season is often overlooked. Aside from the essential first step of making sure you have enough "ram power", there are a series of other management procedures and techniques that can be used to ensure the season is a success.
Vaccinate and deworm your flock. Deworming is a wise management decision especially if you pull them off pasture to begin flushing them to achieve optimal condition scores (not too fat and not too thin). Make sure vaccinations are up to date, consult your veterinarian for specific details.
Try a ram ejaculator to have your rams tested for semen levels and motility. This will ensure that they are capable of breeding the quantity that you require.
Utilize a marking system to observe if your rams are breeding ewes. Use a harness with crayons or raddle powder. Using multiple colors allows you to see which ram has bred each ewe. Raddle powder requires more work (needs to be applied every 2 - 4 days), but is more comfortable to the ram (see inuse photo at right). Crayons and harness are convenient, plus there is no mixing or mess to deal with. On top of that, crayons are on special this month (see above).
Hopefully these tips will give you a jump-start on your planning. Good luck on the upcoming breeding season.
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The Cornell Cooperative Extension Learning Farm is located in Canton, NY. We are part of our local county
extension office and we are a long ways from Ithaca where Cornell University is located. However, like them, our
mission is education. Livestock and crop demonstrations, ag awareness activities for schools and the public,
maple production, 4-H activities, and an FFA agriculture program are our main operations.
My job mostly revolves around the animals at the farm and using them in educational ways. Three times a week I
have students from a high risk group that come and assist at the farm and once a week a group of 8 to 11 year
olds come to do school related things. There are also work-study students from the local college, most of whom
are part of the veterinary tech program. It's a good thing we have lots of volunteers and groups visiting the
farm because like most farms we are short on labor and cash and we are trying to use the resources we have to the
fullest (at the same time we are trying to keep a lot of committees happy) and not spend too much money. Other
staff from the office are working on trees, dogs, horses, alternative energy (hay pellets), and many groups such
as the Maple Producers, North Country Shepherds, Farm Bureau, etc., that meet at the farm. There is a steady
stream of busses, vans and cars coming and going.
The sheep operation has been part of our livestock demonstration for quite awhile. The sheep flock has had as
few as 35 and as many as 150 sheep but we are currently running around 70 ewes (including ewe lambs) for quite
awhile now. Seventy is a comfortable number to run in our converted dairy facilities and a small open front
Our sheep are primarily Dorset based but our base was Finn-Dorset 10 years ago. In the past we have run a
Polypay ram, many Dorset rams and are now trying an Ile de France ram. We basically want a short, chunky,
white-face ewe with lots of milk and good mothering abilities. We have selected on weaning weights and out of
season breeding for many years. For years we operated on the Cornell STAR system lambing five times per year.
Labor became an issue and we went to lambing twice a year. The first lambing is in March and helps provide lambs
for the breeding stock market and also avoids lambing in the 20 below zero weather in January and February. The
second lambing is in the fall to have lambs for the Christmas market. Fall lambs are vigorous and the ewes are
always in good condition after a summer of rotational grazing. The ewes that are not lambing until spring stay
out on the pasture until mid-December (with round bale hay as supplement when needed).
We use a five strand high tensile fence as
a perimeter for the pasture and ElectroNet
or TensionNet for dividers. The pasture is divided into about 6 paddocks and the back three are hayed before we graze them. There is a rotation
but it is not super intensive. The coyotes have been a problem in the past, even killing sheep in the middle of
the day. Our Great Pyrenees guardian dog, llamas and beef cattle stationed in the pasture next to the sheep
pasture have kept the coyotes at bay so far this season. We also made an effort to get the charge up on the
perimeter fence and mow around the outsides of the fence to eliminate cover.
Our lambs are marketed to the eastern market. Some go as hothouse and some at 70 to 80 pounds. A few are sold
as freezer lambs, usually at about 110 pounds. About half of our lambs are sold for breeding stock. Our marketing
options include a local graded sale at Easter and Christmas, coordinated truckloads to New Holland, PA, and
working with a co-op in Vermont that markets to New York city Restaurants.
Our lambs never leave the barn (at least not on purpose). They are born, nurse their mothers and start on
creep and then are weaned onto a full grain diet. The grain is high in digestible fiber so they can eat as much
as they want. Our gains are between 0.5 and 1 pound/day, which allows us to move lambs to market quickly. Our
lambing percentage runs about 1.8 to 2.0 lambs born. Most lambs are born on their own without staff being
Our flock is enrolled in the voluntary scrapie program
and is certified scrapie free. We try hard to provide good, easy care breeding stock for local (and not so local) farms.
Most of all our sheep provide a good educational demonstration for 4-H sheep camp, hands-on training for
beginning farmers and Vet Tech students, are willing victims for the shearing school and herding dog training
(maybe not so willing) and entertain many school kids with their antics.
Article by Betsy Hodge
Cornell Cooperative Extension
St. Lawrence County
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Barb Mottet from Brighton, IA is this month's featured employee. For two years she has been one of our
computerized laser operators for imprinting our customized ear tags.
She says that what she likes best about her position "is the connection that it has to farming. It's
interesting to see all of the different places the tags are sent. It is also amusing to hear about what other
animals we are making tags for besides normal farm animals."
About Premier, what she likes best is that the business is located in the country on a farm. Barb says "I feel
like I have gone back to my roots. It's fun to see the products that Premier sells being used on a daily basis
here on the farm. I really appreciate Premier's honesty and business practices. It is also extremely important to
me to be in an atmosphere where people are treated with respect. Premier's people are wonderful to work
Barb and her husband Dan live on a farm and raise corn, soybeans and hogs. They also do custom farming for an
organic operation nearby. They have two children, daughter Dana and son Curtis. Dana is 23 and specializes in
assisting children, 12-18 with drug and alcohol related problems. Curtis, who is 20, is a junior at Iowa State
University and is pursuing a major in agronomy and a minor in animal science. They of course have farm pets with
a dog that loves to take 4-wheeler rides and a house cat that is helping Barb and Dan make it through the "empty
Her favorite statement is the Golden Rule: Treat others as you would like to be treated. "Life is so much more
enjoyable when people show love and respect for others."
Well said Barb!!
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Potato Cheese Soup
10 medium potatoes
2 cans cream of celery soup
1-1/2 cups chopped onion
1 cup chopped celery
1 16 oz sour cream
1/2 lb Velveeta, cubed
2 cups diced ham or smoked sausage
Peel and dice potatoes, then add celery and onions. Add enough water to just cover the vegetables. Cover and
simmer until tender, about 20 minutes. Don't drain. Add soup, sour cream, Velveeta cheese and meat. Stir until
the cheese melts. Garnish with dill weed.
from Brenda McArtor, Premier employee
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